Canadian Forest Service Publications
Balancing risks of disturbance from mountain pine beetle and western spruce budworm. 2009. Nealis, V.G.; Noseworthy, M.K.; Turnquist, R.; Waring, V.R. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 39(4): 839-848.
Available from: Pacific Forestry Centre
Catalog ID: 29503
Available from the Journal's Web site. †
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The effect of removing lodgepole pine (Pinus contorta Dougl. ex Loud.) and retaining Douglas-fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii (Mirb.) Franco) to reduce the risk of disturbance from mountain pine beetle (Dendroctonus ponderosae Hopk.) in mixed conifer stands in southern British Columbia, Canada, on population processes influencing outbreaks of western spruce budworm (Choristoneura occidentalis Free.) was evaluated in 10 paired (open vs. closed) field plots. Overall feeding damage to Douglas-fir was significantly, but only slightly, lower in open stands compared with closed stands. Although open plots tended to recruit more budworms, the losses resulting from the dispersal of spring-emerging budworms in search of feeding sites were significantly greater in open plots. The forest management benefits of these early season losses were mitigated, however, by more mortality of budworms from natural enemies, particularly diseases, in the closed plots during the budworm feeding period. These results are discussed in terms of compensating population processes and balancing objectives in forest pest management. In this case, selective harvesting of lodgepole pine as a mitigation strategy for the mountain pine beetle conserved the midterm timber supply potential represented by associated Douglas-fir even in the presence of an outbreak of the western spruce budworm.