Canadian Forest Service Publications
Ultrastructural studies of Phellinus sulphurascens infection of Douglas-fir roots and immunolocalization of host pathogenesis-related proteins. 2009. Islam, M.A.; Sturrock, R.N.; Holmes, T.A.; Ekramoddoullah, A.K.M. Mycological Research 113(6-7): 700-712.
Issued by: Pacific Forestry Centre
Catalog ID: 29356
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Interactions between roots of Douglas-fir (DF; Pseudotsuga menziesii) seedlings and the laminated root rot fungus Phellinus sulphurascens were investigated using scanning and transmission electron microscopy and immunogold labelling techniques. Scanning electron micrographs revealed that P. sulphurascens hyphae colonize root surfaces and initiate the penetration of root epidermal tissues by developing appressoria within 2 d postinoculation (dpi). During early colonization, intra- and intercellular fungal hyphae were detected. They efficiently disintegrate cellular components of the host including cell walls and membranes. P. sulphurascens hyphae penetrate host cell walls by forming narrow hyphal tips and a variety of haustoria-like structures which may play important roles in pathogenic interactions. Ovomucoid-WGA (wheat germ agglutinin) conjugated gold particles (10 nm) confirmed the occurrence and location of P. sulphurascens hyphae, while four specific host pathogenesis-related (PR) protein antibodies conjugated with protein A-gold complex (20 nm) showed the localization and abundance of these PR proteins in infected root tissues. A thaumatin-like protein and an endochitinase-like protein were both strongly evident and localized in host cell membranes. A DF-PR10 protein was localized in the cell walls and cytoplasm of host cells while an antimicrobial peptide occurred in host cell walls. A close association of some PR proteins with P. sulphurascens hyphae suggests their potential antifungal activities in DF roots.