Canadian Forest Service Publications
A proteomics approach to identify proteins differentially expressed in Douglas-fir seedlings infected by Phellinus sulphurascens. 2008. Islam, M.A.; Sturrock, R.N.; Ekramoddoullah, A.K.M. Journal of Proteomics 71(4): 425-438.
Issued by: Pacific Forestry Centre
Catalog ID: 29006
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We carried out a comparative proteomic study to explore the molecular mechanisms that underlie the defense response of Douglas-fir (DF, Pseudotsuga menziesii) to laminated root rot, a disease caused by Phellinus sulphurascens. 2-DE was conducted on proteins extracted from roots of laboratory-grown, young DF seedlings inoculated with P. sulphurascens. A total of 1303 proteins was detected in 7 dpi infected and uninfected root samples. Among these 1303 proteins, 277 showed differential expression that was statistically significant (p < 0.05). Of these 277 proteins, 74 upregulated and 85 downregulated proteins showed at least a two-fold change from controls. Forty seven upregulated and 23 downregulated proteins were selected to be excised and analyzed using LC–MS/MS followed by peptide matching. Our results indicate that the major proteins differentially expressed in P. sulphurascens-infected DF seedlings include those in the following functional groups: disease/defense (27%), metabolism (16%), transcription factors (11%), signal transduction (10%), secondary metabolism (7%) and energy (4%). A number of additional proteins involved in cell structure (3%) and protein synthesis (3%) were also identified. By providing an initial database of candidate pathogenesis-related proteins for the DF–Phellinus sulphurascens pathosystem the results of this study will enable future detailed investigation of gene expression and function.