Canadian Forest Service Publications
The phenological relationship between the larval development of the spruce budmoth, Zeiraphera canadensis (Lepidoptera: Olethreutidae) and white spruce in northern New Brunswick. 1986. Turgeon, J.J. The Canadian Entomologist 118: 345-350.
Issued by: Great Lakes Forestry Centre
Catalog ID: 22613
CFS Availability: PDF (request by e-mail)
The relationship between the phenological development of the spruce budmoth (SBM), Zeiraphera Canadensis, and that of its primary host, white spruce, was studied in New Brunswick using descriptive indices for both insect and host development. Larval emergence of SBM was synchronized with bud burst of white spruce, the species on which most eggs are laid. Subsequent SBM larval development can be estimated through reference to the development index for white spruce. For black, Norway, and red spruce, initial bud burst occurred approximately 15, 3, and 15 days, respectively, later than white spruce and this asynchrony is probably one of the reasons why the SBM is not an important pest on these tree species.